Understanding Childhood Development


Understanding Childhood Development

The child undergoes various physical and mental changes from birth to adolescence. This development process consists of attaining social skills, motor skills, language, etc. Child development also depends on environmental factors, nutrition, and caring by parents. Every child develops and grows at a different pace. However, various things are common in their development. In this article, we are going to describe the complete guide for understanding childhood development. Hence, the parents must read this article very attentively until the end.

Understanding Childhood Development
Understanding Childhood Development

Important Areas Of Childhood Development

You can divide the learning of childhood development into four categories. They are:

  • Language/communication
  • Social and emotional
  • Movement/physical development
  • Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

In healthy children, all these areas show evolution. You can observe these things in any learning environment. For example, they show social and emotional awareness through their language in school. In toddlers, you can check their problem solving or cognitive ability by their movement on various paths.

Child Development Milestones

Development Milestones are new skills that the child performs for the first time. It includes first-time smiling or taking the first step. We list the rough idea of the babies’ activities who reach these milestones. It will help you to monitor the growth of your child correctly. Read the below section carefully for these details.

Understanding Childhood Development
Understanding Childhood Development

2 To 4 Months Old Child

  • Try to look at parents; begin to smile
  • Copy some movements and facial expressions
  • Starts to babble
  • Tracks movement with their eyes
  • Turns head toward sounds
  • Holds head up, can push up while lying on tummy

6 to 9 Months Old Child: Childhood Development

  • Recognize faces
  • Have favorite toys
  • Sit without support
  • Pull them to stand while holding on to objects
  • Can pick up objects between thumb and index finger

One-Year-Old Child

  • Use simple gestures; say “mama” and “dada.”
  • Are often shy or nervous with strangers
  • Find hidden items easily
  • Follow simple directions like, “Pick up that toy.”
  • May stand or take a few steps without support

18 Months Old Child

  • Will point at things they want
  • Say several single words
  • Initiate play by handing things to others
  • Eat with spoons and drink with cups
  • Know how to use ordinary objects like telephone or spoon

2 Year Old Child

  • Repeat words or sentences often overheard
  • Show excitement around other kids
  • Begin to run, climb, throw and stand on tiptoe
  • Begin to sort shapes and colors

3 Year Old Child: Childhood Development

  • Show concern for others
  • Exhibit a wide range of emotions
  • Play make-believe
  • Follow instructions with two or three steps
  • Dress and undress them

4 Year Child

  • Know some basic grammar rules
  • Enjoy trying new things and talking about interests
  • Pour, cut and mash their food with supervision
  • Start to understand the time and the idea of counting

5 Year Child

  • Like to sing, dance and playact
  • Can write some letters or numbers
  • Speak clearly in full sentences
  • Can use the toilet on their own

Childhood Development Monitoring

The parents, grandparents, and caretakers must participate in the monitoring of the child. They must observe how the child grows. Furthermore, they must ensure that their child must achieve the milestones at the proper age. Missing a milestone can be a sign of a problem. Hence, you must consult the doctor if you notice such a thing.

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