Theories Of Early Childhood Education That Contribute To A Healthy Development


theories of early childhood education

Early Childhood Education (ECE) is a must for a child as it helps in developing a foundational basis for the future learning and understanding of the child. Early Childhood Education is a theory that emphasizes the education of the child from birth till the age of eight years. This importance to Early Childhood Education was given after Enlightenment in Europe because of the high literacy rate. This practice was continued till the nineteenth century and became a norm in western parts. Many theorists gave Theories Of Early Childhood Education. Some of the renowned names of a theorist who gave the Theories Of Early Childhood Education includes Friedrich Froebel, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky.

Theories Of Early Childhood Education – Friedrich Froebel ECE Theory

A man in a blue shirt

Friedrich Froebel is among the first names who emphasized and opened a school for early childhood education in 1837 which he called Kindergarten. He gave Theories Of Early Childhood Education. He believed that early education and child’s play can be guided and explored with the help of the teacher and surroundings. He broke the traditional notion which believed that children lack cognitive development to be given an education. He also argued that if the learning begins as soon as consciousness arises in the child, then education must also begin from that time.

Jean Piaget ECE Theory

A young girl holding a book

Jean Piaget emphasized the Theories Of Early Childhood Education that involved training and cognitive development. He divided the cognitive development of the child into four stages which include sensorimotor stage ( 0-2 years) in which the child learns through sensors, Preoperational stage (2-6 years) where the child learns to use symbols and words, Concreate operational (6-11 years) where the child learns to do all the mental task and Formal Operational (11-adult) where a child starts to learn about abstract and complex reasoning. He also argued that teachers should serve as a guide throughout the process and should encourage children to make mistakes and ask questions.

Theories Of Early Childhood Education – Lev Vygotsky ECE Theory

Kev Vygotsky supported the Theories Of Early Childhood Education and emphasized on sociocultural perspective. He believes that the sociocultural environment plays an important role in the early learning and education of the child. He argues that in a child, social development takes place earlier than individual development.

Once you understand that your brain and body have been affected severely by the biological impact of adverse childhood experiences, you can always take the necessary steps and begin a journey to reduce any prolonged trauma that maybe depression and disease. Also, a stable and nurturing environment is a must-have for the child so that he does not get exposed to repeated stress. Besides, good social and emotional learning and safe dating, and healthy relationship skills programs must be there to prevent them from experiencing any trauma later on.

Conclusion

Thus, the theorist who gave the Theories Of Early Childhood Education successfully explains the need for early childhood education for the future understanding and development of children.

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