It refers to physical, language, thought, and emotional changes that occur in a child from birth to the onset of adulthood. During this process, a child transforms from being dependent on their parents to be independent. There are many milestones which the child crosses during his or her development such as learning to crawl, speaking first words, and learning to walk. Child development is also influenced by the child’s learning capacity. The three main stages of life are early childhood, middle childhood, and adolescence. The age group of 6-12 years or middle childhood is the most crucial time in the child’s development.
Components Of Child Development
It includes all the skills a child masters over his life span along with the development in-
Cognition-the ability to learn and solve problems.
Speech and language- ability to understand, speak, read and write.
Sensory awareness- aware of the sensation around themselves.
Social and Emotional regulation – the ability to interact with the surrounding.
Fine motor skills.
Gross motor skills.
Importance Of Child Development
Observing and monitoring a child’s development is an important tool to ensure that the child meets the developmental milestones. It is a reliable way of checking a child’s developmental progress at a particular age. In this manner, we can roughly keep track of child development according to their age. This check is usually carried out by child or the mother services and pediatric as infants and toddlers and later thorough preschool and school terms. Parents play a very important role in a child’s life and hence, they need to be very cautious of their behavior in front of their kids. Child care programs could also be beneficia
The Basic Principles Of Child Development
There are three principles in child development-
Physical- growth and development of the child’s body, muscles, and health.
Social- how the child interacts with the environment.
Emotional – how the child feels about himself, and how he or she expresses his or her feelings.
Problems In Child Development
Problems in child development can arise from any genetic or prenatal problems or issues. Specific assistance by a Paediatrician, Occupational therapist, Speech therapist, and Psychologist can provide a clear picture regarding the developmental issues and can help the parents and the child to overcome these challenges. When a child is not able to meet his or her developmental goals, it could be due to a lack of affection and care by the parents. This is commonly called Child’s neglect.
It is very crucial to overcome the developmental challenges to maximize the speed of development of the child. The child must develop the skills and abilities required by him or her at that particular age to lead a normal life. Act now if you are concerned about your child’s development.