ADHD is a prevalent disorder. Even after being this common, most of the people are not aware of what it is. ADHD i.e, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In simple words, people who are suffering from this disorder have a tough time paying attention for long periods, controlling their impulsive behaviour. It is not only a childhood disorder but is prevalent in adolescents and adults.
If you feel that you are unable to control the urge of moving when you are supposed to sit in a place and are finding it hard to pay attention to something or someone, it may be a sign of ADHD. You can be wrong, of course, but if you feel that it is negatively affecting your life, then you should surely get it checked. In many cases, children with this disorder get less hyperactive when they move into their teens. But the lack of concentration, disorganization, and impulsive behaviour remains.
Factors Responsible For ADHD
Many factors can cause ADHD. It does not have any specific reason. It can be genetic or can be caused due to low birth weight, exposure to high levels of lead present in the environment at a very young age, smoking or drinking by mother during pregnancy, or brain injuries. There are many symptoms of this disorder. A person may not have all of them, but they usually have a combination of these symptoms. Following are some of the symptoms:
1. They tend to miss out on details, make silly mistakes in the exams, homework, or other activities.
2. Become distracted quickly and becomes sidetracked. They often lose concentration and lose their train of thoughts.
3. They have a hard time doing things that require a long attention span, like doing homework, filling forms, etc.
4. They often forget to do daily things like doing chores, buying groceries, and returning calls.
5. People with ADHD often lose their belongings, e.g., their phone, pen, and wallet.
6. These people have a hard time following instructions, following sequence, being organized, and keeping things in order.
7. They often talk non stop, fidget in their seats and have trouble waiting for their turn.
8. These people are always moving, whether its running walking or fidgeting.
These are not necessarily the symptoms of ADHD. Many disorders have similar symptoms. So if you are observing these symptoms in yourself or anyone close, it is better to go and see a health professional.
We can improve ADHD in many ways. It does not have any cure, but we can at least improve it. The hyperactivity and impulsivity caused by ADHD can be treated by using stimulants. We use Stimulants because some researches believe that they improve ADHD because they increase the chemical dopamine in the brain, which plays a vital role in thinking and attention. Another option is therapy. There are different types of treatments available for ADHD patients. Even though some studies show that therapies may not be beneficial, it helps the patients cope up effective better with daily changes.